Ketoacidosis is one of the most serious complications of diabetes and can seriously endanger your life. If you are diabetic and you still do not know what diabetic ketoacidosis is all about , this article is for you. The sooner you identify it, the better.
When you have ketoacidosis it means that your body has accumulated an excess of acids called ketones. These acids, when they accumulate in large quantities, become toxic and can lead to a coma or even death.
Why do ketones accumulate in your body when you have diabetes?
Everything happens as a spiral difficult to stop. In principle, when you have diabetes and do not produce enough insulin, your body can not process the sugar (glucose) in your blood to get the energy you need to live, and therefore the glucose starts to accumulate in the blood and does not enter the cells. For this reason, your body starts looking for the energy it needs in the fat, and in that process many ketones are produced which also accumulate in your blood and then start to come out in your urine.
Why is it such a serious complication?
As we said before, the accumulation of ketones in high amounts become toxic to your body and can cause loss of consciousness or even death.
But the problem does not end there. Ketoacidosis indicates that your diabetes is out of control and that your blood glucose levels are too high. Why? Just look at the process the other way around … if your ketone levels are very high, that means that your body does not have enough insulin and for that reason it is not processing the sugar as it should. The fact that the levels of glucose in your blood already increase in itself has risks. But also, when they increase too much, the glucose (sugar) also starts to come out through your urine making you have more desire to urinate and this can cause severe dehydration (because you are losing water too).
This combination of problems is a danger to your health and the most worrying thing is that it can happen in a matter of hours and it can be serious. That is why it is said that the relationship between ketoacidosis and diabetes is so close. Even, many times the symptoms of ketoacidosis are what lead people to go to the doctor and diagnose diabetes for the first time.
How can you tell if you have diabetic ketoacidosis?
Ketoacidosis is more common in people with type 1 diabetes . However, it can also occur, in some cases, in people with type 2 diabetes . That is why it is important that you know and that you are always alert to their symptoms so that you can identify them in time. They are the following:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Breath smelling of fruits
- Dry mouth and skin
- Frequent urination
- Thirst that lasts a day or more
- Difficulty breathing
- Stomach ache
- Continuous diarrhea
If you notice these symptoms, go to the emergency room as soon as possible.
Another way to identify diabetic ketoacidosis on time is by checking your glucose (blood sugar) levels frequently. If your glucose levels are above 240 mg / dL, you also need to check the levels of ketones in your body through the strips that is your urine. But if your glucose levels are too high, above 300 mg / dL, consult your doctor immediately because it indicates that your diabetes is out of control and that you can develop ketoacidosis at any time.